Neck restraint was placed on runaway slaves. The hooks greatly hampered any effort to escape, as the hooks would be caught in the vines and branches in the wooded areas near to the edges of canefields. Sometimes weights would be added to make it more difficult.
This bell was once found aboard the African Queen slave ship. This slave trader would leave from the Port of Bristol in England, to Africa (where slaves were traded and brought across the Atlantic into Americas ) and from there it returned to Europe with sugar, molasses,rum,citrus,cotton and other goods.
The abeng is made from the horns of cows and is blown through a side hole near the tip. It is West African in design and was used by the Maroons mainly to communicate with each other especially during battles with the British soldiers. Today it is still used to communicate- to alert the community to danger and emergencies as well as in Maroon ceremonies and celebrations.
Wrist shackles with spikes were fetters connected by a chain that were placed on the wrists of slaves from the time of their capture in Africa, through the Middle Passage and at times when they ‘misbehaved’ on plantations.
The tongue restraint was one of the more terrifying of the devices used to intimidate slaves . It was so designed that it depressed the tongue, fitted around the head and mouth and was locked at the nape of the neck. The victim could not speak or eat and would be left to starve to death if his master so wished. In cases where owners were prone to sadism, they would force another slave to pass their waste into the mouth of the slave being ‘disciplined’.
The branding iron was usually heated by flames and was imprinted into the slaves’ flesh. The slaves were usually branded with a symbol or number of a planter to whom the slave was said to have belonged. It was also used as an implement of torture.